The animals of this breed are the heaviest of Indian breeds, they are fast powerful draft cattle. Male is well-known for his gait “Majestic Gait”. The animals are usually colored white to silver gray. The face is narrow with a broad and slightly dished forehead. The thick symmetrical horns curve outwards, upwards, and inwards. Cows are fairly good milkers and the average yield is 1200 kg to 1500 kg. per lactation period. The age at first calving in the breed varies from 45 to 50 months and inter calving period varies from 17 to 18 months. The dry period varies from 8 to 9 months. There is a scope for improvement in milk production. Milk yield is 1500-4000 kg per lactation. Bullocks are strong and hard-working. Heaviest cattle breed of India. Imported by central/south USA for beef production.
Nimari cattle show a mixture of Gir and Khillari (Tapi Valley strain) breeds. The breed has taken the coloration from the Gir as well as its massiveness of frame and the convexity of the forehead. It has acquired the hardiness, agility and temper of the Khillari with the formation of feet and occasional carroty color of the muzzle and hooves. Drought breed.
The Malvi is primarily a draft breed which has developed in to different strains which are heavy, light or medium in size, depending on soil conditions. These cattle are mainly bred in the Malwa tract of Madhya Pradesh State of India. In the western parts adjoining Rajputana the type bred is larger in size. In parts of Madhya Pradesh where Malvis are bred, it is smaller in size. It is also bred in the northeastern section of Hyderabad state, where it is a popular breed for medium and light draft on the roads and for cultivation. It has been said that the Malvis resembles the Kankrej in many ways. A drought purpose breed.
It is an excellent drought breed for hot climate. Nagori cattle are prevalent in the former Johrpur State, now a part of the State of Rajasthan in India. Nagori cattle are classified into the short-horned white or light gray cattle with a long coffin-shaped skull, orbital arches which do not prominent, and their face is slightly convex in profile. It has been suggested that probably the blood of gray lyre-horned cattle might have entered into the composition of Nagori cattle.
The Bachaur appears to belong to the group of shorthorned white or light-gray cattle. The breed has very close similarity to the Hariana breed. Some think it may be a deteriorated strain of the Hariana. The breed is well-known for its draft qualities and ability to thrive with lower quality feeds. The breed is found in the Bachaur and Koilpur subdivisions of the Sitamarhi district of Bihar State, India. Bullocks are used for draught purpose. Cows are poor milkers. Best drought breed of Bihar.
The Ponwar is small and compact with frequent white markings on the forehead, dewlap and limbs. Black and white color is often seen in the hill type of cattle and these features are also common in the Ponwar breed. However, the horns are inclined to be lyre-shaped, which may be due to some mixture of the nearby plains cattle. The breed is restricted to a small geographical area of Pilibhit district of Uttar Pradesh, India. Drought purpose. Cows are poor milkers.
The Punganur dwarf cow, which originated in Chitoor District, Andhra Pradesh, India, is considered one of the world's smallest cows The Punganur breed's milk has a high fat content and is rich in medicinal properties. While cow milk normally has a fat content of 3 to 3.5 per cent, the Punganur breed's milk contains 8 per cent. The Punganur is found in Chittoor district situated in the south-eastern tip of the Deccan Plateau with an average rainfall of 700 mm. It is the world’s shortest, humped cattle. Animals are white and light grey in colour with a broad forehead and short horns. Its average height is 70-90 cms and its weight is 115-200 kg. The cow is an amazingly efficient milker with an average milk yield of 3-5 L/day on a daily feed intake of 5 kg. It is also highly drought resistant, and able to survive exclusively on dry fodder. Dwarf cattle.
The famous dwarf variety of native cattle found throughout the Malnad region, considered rare for its strength to withstand harsh climate conditions of the hilly terrain of Western Ghats has been recognized by the National Bureau of Genetic Resources (NBGR) of the Indian Council of Agriculture Research as a registered breed variety of the country. 'Malnad Gidda', the small-sized dwarf variety in Shimoga, Chikmagalur, Udupi, Mangalore and North Canara districts, are about 10 lakh to 12 lakh in number as per the livestock census. They are smaller in size, with a compact body weight of less than 100 kg and have the ability to withstand heavy downpour and hot summers of Western Ghats, making them highly resistant to diseases.
Kasaragod is the northern most district of Kerala flanked by a vast coastal area in the west and plains in the South and hilly tracts towards the North. The local cattle found in Kasaragod are of the dwarf type, with a uniform coat color black and varied shades of red. They are well adapted to the hot and humid climate of the region and possess high heat tolerance and disease resistance. Conservation efforts have already been taken up by Sosamma Iype, a professor at Kerala Agricultural University with financial assistance from Indian Council of Agricultural Research, New Delhi and the work is continued by the Vechur Conservation trust to preserve this genetic resource.
In Sanatan Dharma, the cow is considered to be a sacred symbol of life that should be protected and revered. In the Veda
There are no secrets to success. It is the result of preparation, hard work, and learning failure. – OLIVER SANDERO